2018年4月成人学位英语考试英汉互译练习题六

发布时间:2018-4-19 10:52:06作者:站内编辑

1.Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could he slowed down.

答案:Taiju Matsuzawa教授想找出为什么日本北部的健康农民在相对年轻的年龄就显得开始失去思考与推理的能力的原因以及怎样才能延缓老化过程。

2.However,you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle;or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it.

答案:当然,如果有以下情况你可以不系安全带:你在倒车时,或者你用一种特殊交通工具进行当地的货物运送、收集时,或者你有合法的医学证明你不能系安全带时。

3.For fermentation to take place you need raw material,or feedstock,as it is known in the biofuels industry. Anything will do as long as it can be broken down into sugars,with the byproduct ideally burnt to produce electricity to run the plant.

答案:要想实现发酵,就需要原材料,即生物燃料行业所说的“给料”。任何东西只要能分解为糖都可以利用。理想的做法是,用其副产品燃烧发电可维持工厂自身的运转。

4.Are these events connected? Looking only at individual extreme events will not reveal their cause, just like watching a few scenes from a movie does not reveal the plot. But, viewed in a broader context, and using the logic of physics, important parts of the plot can be understood.

答案:这些事件彼此关联吗?仅仅把注意力放在个别极端天气事件上是不能揭示其成因的,这就跟观看一部电影中的几个场面不能展现出其整个故事情节是同样的道理。只有放在更宏观的情境中,并使用物理学的逻辑去观察,情节中的重要部分才能够明了。

5.Chinese parents tend to pay so much attention to their children‘s academic performance that they even don’t involve their children in the housework. Their only requirement of their kids is to study hard, perform well in exams so that their kids can be admitted to prestigious universities. They are convinced that this is to the benefit of their children, because only good academic performance can guarantee a promising future for their kids in the intense competition typical of China. They also believe that they will be respected if their children make great achievements in society. Therefore, they are willing to provide their children with a better condition at the expense of their time, hobbies and interests.

答案:中国父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务。他们对孩子的唯一要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上名牌大学。他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。中国父母还认为,如果孩子能在社会上取得大的成就,父母就会受到尊敬。因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间、爱好和兴趣,为孩子创造更好的条件。



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